4 Elements Of A Personal Injury Claim

Contact the personal injury attorneys of Habush Habush & Rottier today at 800-2-HABUSH (800-242-2874) to speak with a qualified member of our legal team and discuss the details of your potential case.

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When a person is injured because of someone else’s negligent conduct, they will need four distinct elements to be present to file a claim.

#1: The Presence of a Duty

Every personal injury case starts with a duty from the defendant to the claimant. In the case of a car accident, this duty can be as simple as driving safely. For example, a driver has a duty to lawfully stop at a stop sign. In more complicated situations, a company or person may have the duty to prevent injuries with their product or on their property.

#2: The Breach of the Duty

In order to successfully prosecute a personal injury claim, not only must a duty exist, but also the duty related to the incident must have been breached, creating the potential for blame to be placed upon the defendant. For example, if a defendant driver has a "duty" to stop at a stop sign and if that driver fails to stop at that stop sign, he or she breaches his or her duty.

#3: An Injury for the Claimant

A claimant needs to sustain a physical, emotional, or financial injury for a claim to be filed. This injury must result from a defendant breaking a duty. Without evidence of this injury, a lawsuit may not go forward. Injuries are often referred to as "damages" in the legal context.

#4: Causation between the Breach of Duty and the Injury

One of the most important parts of an injury claim is needed to bring together the other elements. A claimant needs to prove that the defendant’s actions were responsible for their injuries. For example, if a defendant driver fails to stop at a stop sign and strikes another driver that had the legal right of way and that driver sustains injuries, then the defendant's negligence caused the other driver's injuries.


If your injuries were caused by another person or organization’s negligence you may be eligible for compensation to address medical bills, lost wages, and other damages. To learn more about your personal injury claim options, contact the injury attorneys of Habush Habush & Rottier by calling 800-2-HABUSH (800-242-2874) today.